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Title: Phocéens et Samiens à Gravisca
Author(s): HAACK, Marie-Laurence
Journal: BABESCH
Volume: 82    Issue: 1   Date: 2007   
Pages: 29-40
DOI: 10.2143/BAB.82.1.2020760

Abstract :
The sanctuary of the emporion at Gravisca, in Etruria, has been considered as a Phocean foundation since the 1980s. The Phoceans would have built the most ancient naiskos and consecrated precious gifts to Aphrodite. However, it is difficult to refer to Aphrodite the most ancient offerings and at the same time consider them as Phoceans. A little statue of an armed goddess seems to represent Hera instead of Aphrodite and, moreover, a protome of a cauldron comes from Samos. The cult of armed Hera is well known at Samos, where the foundation legend stresses the rôle of the Etruscans and the goddess, in her festivals, was honoured by worshippers wearing jewels identical with those found at Gravisca. This is the reason why it is likely that the Samian people might have founded the sanctuary of Gravisca and dedicated it to Hera.

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